A facelift is a cosmetic surgical procedure that rejuvenates the appearance of the face and neck. Depending on the objectives of the patient, the procedure can affect several parts of the facial anatomy. This is illustrated below.
The figure shows four separate areas, and the patient and surgeon decide together which zone or zones should be treated to achieve the desired result. The areas affected can be the lower face, the mid face, the forehead and brow, and the eyelids.
The objective of a facelift procedure is to tighten saggy and lax soft tissues of the face and neck to produce a crisper jawline as well as tighter, smoother skin. The operation repositions various tissue layers of the face and neck, sutures it into place, and excises excess skin. Incisions and sutures are made so that any resulting scars are hidden, as much as possible, behind the ears, above the hairline of the scalp, and in the natural creases of the face.
There are several approaches to performing facelifts, and the optimal method is a balance between costs, recovery time, and patient expectations. Factors that must be considered include age, gender, degree of skin laxity, skin thickness, as well as external factors related to lifestyle.